There have been many who have tried to understand this ancient prophecy concerning end times. Let us shed a new light upon this enigmatic prophecy.
We can date the 9th chapter of Daniel to about 521 BC. This would place it as the last writing of Daniel, not the 9th. As all other chapters date to earlier times, based on the sequence of the kings of Babylon and then Persia at the time. Daniel states that he has figured out the 70 years of desolations determined upon Jerusalem as prophecied by Jeremiah, and then begins to pray for Jerusalem and all of Israel, far and near. Stating that all of Israel has sinned , "have transgressed the law, and ...therefore the curse is poured out upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses, the servant of God, because we have sinned against Him."
By so confessing the sins of Israel, Daniel has taken upon himself to try to reverse the curse that Yahweh has placed upon the land and upon the people of Israel. While he was so praying for Yahweh to turn from his wrath upon His people, an angel was sent to him with a special message. Gabriel the Archangel , looking like a man, yet flying unto him in the evening time of oblations. He had been sent forth to give Daniel "skill and understanding." And a new prophecy: The prophecy of 70 weeks.
Now it is very important to know exactly what would determine these 70 weeks , as to how long they would last. We must read very carefully the first few verses of that prophecy: "Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon the Holy City, to finish the transgression, and make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to end the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Holies of Holy." verse 24.
Notice, clearly that ALL these things had to come to pass for the 70 weeks to be completed. ALL of them! Many, if not most, of these events can not come to pass until the end of all time for man on earth. For sure, that during the Millennium, there will be sin upon the earth and failure to keep all the law. Therefore, transgression and sin do not end until the end of the Millennium. This clearly shows that the 70 weeks of this prophecy do NOT end at the coming of Jesus in the clouds of heaven. As most would believe that the 70th week is synonymous with a 7 year tribulation period just before the return of Christ. This is not possible.
Next: "From the issuing of the word to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem to Messiah the Prince, 7 weeks and 62 weeks.." Now, Jerusalem had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon circa 597 BC. It still lay in ruins at the time of this writing of Daniel, 521 BC; although, the temple had been rebuilt by Ezra and others by 515 BC. The call for the city to be rebuilt would not go forth until after the time of Daniel, to the prophet Nehemiah. Which, according to current dating would have placed this at 453-4 BC, when the king of Persia Artaxerxes by proclamation allowed Nehemiah to return and rebuild the city.
Now prophecy being calculated often as a day for a year, would make 70 weeks of prophecy as 490 years. Therefore, 7 plus 62 weeks, or 69 weeks, is 483 yrs. If you calculate this forward that places the Messiah at 29-30 AD. (As there is no year zero.) This is exactly the time period we believe that Jesus came to Jerusalem to die on the stake for our sins. This is even more clear according to the next verse: " the Messiah shall be cut off, and not for himself ." Jesus died not for himself, but for us, for our sins. This clearly leaves only one week left, the 70th, or 7 years to complete all those listed items of verse 24.
Then: "The people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.." - verse 26. Now , Rome did come and destroy the city and the sanctuary with a flood of an army, which destroyed these things in 70 AD. The desolations continued to the end of the war 73 AD with the fall of Masada, which closed the revolt of the Jews against Rome which started in 66 AD. However, this 7 year period did no "bring everlasting righteousness." Therefore, it was not the final fulfillment of this prophecy.
Moreover, it is the next verse, 29, that is very misunderstood, as it gives the rest of the clues to the timing of the 70th week of Daniel. "And He shall confirm covenant with many for a week, and in the misdt of this week, He shall make to cease sacrifice and offering, and upon a wing desolations for the desolator. Even unto the end , and that decreed shall pour out upon the desolator." - verse 29. Now for most students of prophecy , the key word here is 'he'. Who is He?
Most would tell you that He is a coming antichrist who for some reason will make a treaty with Israel during the end times. I say this makes no sense in the context of this time and scripture. Notice a key word here that is indeed in the original. e.g. "confirm". That means the covenant in question already exists or at least pre-dates the coming of this "He" person. Also, no where does it state anything about what kind of covenant this is. It does not have to be a peace treaty! I tell you what makes more sense here is that this "He" is the Messiah, Jesus. He made a new covenant with a new people for 2,000 yrs. He will confirm this covenant through the Holy Spirit via His two witnesses at the start of the 70th week! That is when the two witnesses are anointed with the Holy Spirit! They will then have the power to get the third Temple built in Jerusalem and the sacrifices and daily oblations will be renewed.
It should be noticed that this temple is mentioned at the start of the 11th chapter of Revelation, which deals mostly with the two witnesses. You must have the temple built for certain prophecy to come to pass, including this passage in Daniel, because most believe that the "wing" or "corner" in verse 29 refers to the altar or some portion of the Temple. For when the beast of Rev. 13, commits the abomination of desolation in the temple, it is for this "overspreading of abominations" that Jesus will make it desolate, including the town of Jerusalem, once again!
Jesus will then cause the sacrifices and oblations to cease, and He will pour out desolations upon this desolator, the beast, ie Maarrduk, the god of Babylon, incarnated into the flesh for the first time, "until the end," the end of the 7th trumpet. However, the 7th trumpet is NOT the last half of the 70th week of Daniel. Just as the last week was split away from the other 69, so will be the 70th week split into one half in these times and the last half will be completed at the end of the Millennium. When Satan will be let out of his prison , the bottomless pit, and he will incarnate for the first time and go out to deceive the whole world once again, and bring them to war against the saints at Jerusalem. This should take about 3 1/2 years again, then it will be all over, and "the transgression" will be finished, all sin will be ended, atonement for sin will be over, and everlasting righteousness will begin in eternity, all visions and prophecies will be fulfilled, and the Holy of Holies will be anointed.
Think again, if you believe that a man of peace has to make peace with Israel to fulfill this prophecy, where does it say exactly that? MAKE NO ASSUMPTIONS about prophecy! Israel will not see peace until the the God of Israel returns to rule "over" this planet , at the end of the 7th trumpet. And peace will not last forever until the earth is destroyed, and there is a new heaven and a new earth. The 70 weeks given to Israel via Daniel will not be fulfilled until all time on earth is over. It is split into two 1/2 weeks of about 3 1/2 years each, once very soon and once again in about 1,000 years.
God bless your searchings for the truth. May you be worthy to escape the trials coming unto this planet.